How to Implement a Super-Resolution Generative Adversarial Network (SRGAN)

Abdulkader Helwan
3 min readFeb 19, 2024

A Super-Resolution Generative Adversarial Network (SRGAN) is a powerful model in the field of image processing, capable of creating high-resolution (HR) images from low-resolution (LR) ones. Think of it like taking a blurry picture and turning it into a sharp, detailed one. Here’s what you need to know about SRGANs:


What they do:

  • Take a low-resolution image as input.
  • Use deep learning techniques to “upscale” the image, meaning they increase the number of pixels while preserving details and textures.
  • Aim to create photo-realistic HR images, not just blurry enlargements.

How they work:

  • SRGANs are a type of Generative Adversarial Network (GAN), which involve two competing neural networks:
  • Generator: Creates the HR image from the LR input.
  • Discriminator: Tries to distinguish real HR images from the ones generated by the generator.
  • Through this competition, the generator learns to create increasingly realistic HR images that fool the discriminator.
  • SRGANs also use a perceptual loss function, which compares the generated image to real HR images based on how they are perceived by humans, not just pixel-by-pixel similarities.


  • Can significantly improve the quality of low-resolution images, such as those from older cameras or compressed files.
  • Useful in various applications like medical imaging, satellite imagery, video upscaling, and more.
  • Can create visually appealing and realistic images, even when starting with limited information.


  • Requires large amounts of training data and significant computational power.
  • Can sometimes create artifacts or introduce noise if not trained properly.
  • May not be perfect for all types of images, especially those with complex textures or patterns.

Overall, SRGANs are a promising technology with a wide range of potential applications. As research and development continue, expect them to become even…